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Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) are financial institutions that is same like a Banking Company but some works arev restricted like honouring of Cheques, acceptance of demands deposits etc. A Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) is a company incorporated under the Companies Act which is engaged in the business of acceptance or providing of loans and advances, acquisition of shares/stocks/bonds/debentures/securities issued by Government or local authority or other marketable securities , leasing, hire-purchase, insurance business, chit business. An NBFC can not form with the object of agriculture activity, industrial activity, purchase or sale of any goods (other than securities) or providing any services and sale/purchase/construction of immovable property. A non-banking institution which is a company and has principal business of receiving deposits under any scheme or arrangement in one lump sum or in installments by way of contributions or in any other manner, is also a non-banking financial company

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Non- Banking financial companies(NBFCs) are financial institutions that offer financial services and registered under the Companies Act. A NBFC is a company engaged in the business of loans and advances, acquisition of securities issued by government or local authority, leasing, hire-purchase, insurance business,chit business but does not include any institution whose principal business is that of purchase and sale of goods ( other than securities), industrial activity, agriculture activity or providing any services of purchase, sale or construction of immovable property.





Procedure to NBFC Company

Step - 1 : Form a company with Minimum Net Owned Fund of INR 2 crore (Equity Share Capital & not Preference Share Capital)


Step - 2 : Open a Bank Account (Keep entire sum of INR 2 crores in a bank’s deposit account which is free from all liens)


Step - 3 : Online application to RBI for Certificate of Registration.


Step - 4 : Documents submission to the Regional Office of RBI.

registration form

Step - 5 : Certificate is Granted !


Most frequent questions and answers

In terms of lending and making investments, the Non-Banking Financial Companies are similar to banks. However, there are some differences between them which are hereunder:
a. NBFCs cannot accept demand deposits
b. NBFCs cannot issue cheques to its customers as they do not form a part of the payment and settlement system c. NBFCs cannot avail the deposit insurance facility of DICGC.
d. They cannot issue demand drafts

Section 45-1A of the RBI Act, 1934, makes it mandatory for all NBFCs to be registered with the Reserve Bank of India for the purpose of commencing any business or carrying on the businesses defined in clause (a) of Section 45-1 of the Act of 1934. However, this comes with an exception.

Some categories of NBFCs like Venture Capital fund, Chit funds, Housing Finance etc are regulated by regulators like SEBI, State Governments, National Housing Banks etc. To eliminate the possibility of dual regulation, these categories of NBFCs are spared from the requirement of registering with RBI.

Infrastructure Finance Company (IFC)
IFCs are companies in which infrastructure loans constitute at least 75% of the gross assets, they have at least 300 crore INR worth of net fund and have a CRAR of 75%.

Systemically Important Core Investment Company (CIC-ND-SI)
These are companies which are only engaged with investment activities. Evidently, investment in securities of companies constitutes 90% of their gross assets which are over 100 crore INR. Investments in equity shares of such companies should form at least 60% of its total assets

Non-Banking Financial Company-Factors (NBFC-Factors)
These companies are engaged in the business of factoring. It is required that they obtain at least 50% of its gross assets through factoring and factoring should constitute more than 50% of its total income.

Mortgage Guarantee Company (MGC)
These are companies possessing a net fund of ₹100 crore and obtaining at least 90% of its gross income from mortgage guarantee.

It should be registered under Section 3 of the Companies Act
They should possess a minimum net owned fund of ₹ 200 lakh
The company is required to submit its application for registration in the prescribed format along with necessary documents for bank’s consideration.

The role of NBFCs in the Indian Economy. … NBFC focuses on business related to loans and advances, acquisition of shares, stock, bonds, debentures, securities issued by government or local authority or other securities of like marketable nature, leasing, hire-purchase, insurance business, chit business.

Yes, LICI ( LIC of India, in case you are confused) is an NBFC. … Bank is mainly deals with matter relating to deposit and lending while LIC provides a life insurance cover to the beneficiary.

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